Blog – Posted on Wednesday, Jun 24
12 Best Kurt Vonnegut Books, Ranked By Reading Order
If you’re looking for books to make you think, laugh, or cry, look no further than the works of Kurt Vonnegut — who often manages to make you do all three at once.
Vonnegut is famous for his distinctive wit and biting black comedy, and never shies from tackling bleak topics like death, war, political corruption, and environmental destruction with his dark sense of gallows humor. Vonnegut had a prolific career as an author of novels, story collections, plays, and nonfiction works, and is particularly known for his wildly imaginative works that blend science fiction with social satire.
Vonnegut’s writing is also characterized by its strong autobiographical elements, informed by his experiences as an American soldier in World War II. Throughout his career, he captured the cynicism and existential woes of his generation alongside the growing fears of technology wrought by the second world war and atomic bomb. In Vonnegut’s world, humanity could self-destruct at any moment — but at least it’s guaranteed to be entertaining.
Here, we explore some of Vonnegut’s most enduring works that cement his reputation as one of literature’s funniest and most profound writers. Ordered by date of publication, since his works can be impossible to rank (although you can check out the writer's own report card assessing his work below), we give our guide to the 12 best Kurt Vonnegut books.
1. Player Piano (1952)
Vonnegut’s first novel is a dystopia about the rising threat of automation, taking place in a future where human workers have been made almost entirely redundant by machines. While Dr. Paul Proteus manages a factory in Ilium, New York, the Shah of Bratpurhr, leader of six million religious followers in a faraway nation, arrives to observe. It is the arrival of this outsider that prompts Paul to recognize his true situation — he is not a manager of machines, but is a cog in the machine himself.
Player Piano follows Paul’s eventual radicalization and rebellion against his purposeless capitalist system. The work’s title refers to a player piano that makes music on its own — reflecting how by outsourcing everything to machines, humans have played themselves. While this debut does not feel quite “Vonnegutian” in its voice just yet, it lays the groundwork for the socially observative style and introduces themes we come to expect in his later books — tackling the dangers of indifference and the terror of technology run amok that remain prescient today.
2. The Sirens of Titan (1959)
Malachi Constant is the richest man on Earth — but dominating just one planet doesn’t seem to be enough for him. Things really get going in Vonnegut’s second novel, which launches Malachi and readers into outer space on an intergalactic comedy. Malachi’s command of everything around him starts to slip when he is sent pinballing through the solar system by Winston Niles Rumfoord, a space explorer caught in a time loop.
The Sirens of Titan is a wild ride through space and time, and introduces some characters that will reappear in Vonnegut’s later works, including the alien Tralfamadorians who exist in all times simultaneously and can manipulate human history. This wacky and woefully funny narrative offers a freewheeling examination of free will, grappling with the search for humanity’s purpose in the universe — classic fodder for comedy, right?
3. Mother Night (1962)
“We are what we pretend to be, so we must be careful about what we pretend to be.” Such is Vonnegut’s message to readers in the introduction of Mother Night. The book is presented as the fictional memoir of Howard W. Campbell Jr., written in an Israeli prison as he awaits his trial for war crimes due to his work as a Nazi propagandist. Campbell tells the story of his past: he is an American who moved to Germany with his family at a young age, becoming a Party member and playwright and working his way up the ladder in Joseph Goebbels’ propaganda machine.
Yet when he is eventually getting recruited by the Americans to feed them information, and as he spins his increasingly complex yarn, it becomes more and more difficult to determine whether or not he is guilty, or what he might be guilty of.
This work is highly metafictional, as it questions authorship, pretense, and pretend, and features frequent autobiographical parallels. Vonnegut’s parents both spoke German, but chose not to educate their son in the language or national traditions as anti-German sentiments rose in the interwar years — and his resultant feelings of cultural dislocation and rootlessness manifest themselves in Campbell’s account. Told with that ever-present dark humor, this novel is a thought-provoking examination of the absurdities of war and the stories we tell in order to justify it.
4. Cat’s Cradle (1963)
Cat’s Cradle is Vonnegut’s take on the horrors of the atomic bomb and the Cold War threat of nuclear destruction. Narrator John (or “Jonah” as he asks to be called) is working on a book called The Day the World Ended about the day Americans bombed Hiroshima. This leads him to research physicist and bomb co-creator Felix Hoenikker, discovering his further work for the military on developing a mysterious substance called ice-nine. His writing next takes him to the small island nation of San Lorenzo, where its people secretly practice Bokonism: a semi-parodic religion built on invented spiritual ideas and arbitrary rituals (like rubbing feet together to create connection between people), aiming to give practitioners some absurd sense of meaning in the face of lives filled with suffering. As Jonah begins to investigate further, he starts to see how fantasy, however odd and unbelievable, can be preferable to truth.
Giving science fiction a nihilistic postmodern twist, Cat’s Cradle explores the nonsensicalities that both invented and real worlds are constructed upon. Interrogating the false facades of religion and the schemes and scandals of government, the book embodies a deep sense of dread surrounding where humanity might be headed. Call it apocalyptic or fatalistic, there’s no denying that it is an utterly enthralling and wholly original web of wacky characters.
5. God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater (1965)
People say money can’t buy happiness — but from Eliot Rosewater’s perspective, a little more cash certainly wouldn’t hurt anyone. Rosewater is the fabulously rich — and stinkingly drunk — head of the Rosewater Foundation. Much to the chagrin of his family, the eccentric millionaire has developed a newfound social conscience and set up shop in Rosewater, Indiana, where he will “dispense unlimited amounts of love and limited sums of money to anyone who will come to his office."
God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater is an acid-trip through the world of comedically extreme wealth and corporate greed. It also marks the first appearance of Kilgore Trout, an unsuccessful science-fiction writer and Vonnegut’s alter ego. Through Trout, Vonnegut voices his thoughts on the “hideous society” of capitalist America, looking at Rosewater’s charitable aims as a grand social experiment paving the way for a community built on kindness and giving.
6. Welcome to the Monkey House (1968)
If you aren’t already convinced that Vonnegut really knows how to tell a tale, his short story collection, Welcome to the Monkey House, proves there are no bounds to the weirdness and wonder of his imagination. These thought-provoking stories run the gamut from science fiction to quirky comedy, featuring colorful personalities from dystopian despots to telekinetic professors to love poetry-writing computers to humans who have managed to reverse the aging process.
The standout “Harrison Bergeron” is set in 2081 when, in a misguided quest for equality, the government imposes “handicaps” on all its citizens to ensure no American is stronger, smarter, or better-looking than any other. Meanwhile, “Who Am I This Time?” stages its action in a community theater. It centers on an actor who entirely transforms into his roles but has no personality of his own. His talents lead his co-star to quickly fall in love with him — but only when he is in character. The twenty five stories take us across time and space, each offering a concentrated dose of audacious energy.
7. Slaughterhouse-Five (1969)
Easily Vonnegut’s most well-known work, Slaughterhouse-Five was also one of the hardest for him to write due to its closeness to his own life. As a soldier in World War II, he was captured by Germans during the Battle of the Bulge and taken to a Dresden prison camp, and this novel’s metafictional approach reflects the author’s decades-long struggle to put his wartime experiences, and the horrors he saw in the firebombing of Dresden, into words.
Protagonist Billy Pilgrim is an American soldier captured by Tralfamadorians who have taken him to their planet and put him on display in a zoo-like enclosure. On Tralfamadore, he gains their ability to become “unstuck in time,” visiting moments of his past and future. The novel’s fragmented and non-linear structure reflects the flashbacks and recursive thoughts of war veterans suffering from PTSD, and the narrative remarks on the many tragic scenes with the simple refrain “So it goes” to comment on the often inexplicable nature of pain. This searing anti-war satire is an essential book to read before you die… and we all say “So it goes.”
8. Breakfast of Champions (1973)
Kilgore Trout is an aging science-fiction writer who seems woefully misunderstood by the world, and he gets little recognition or appreciation. Yet, he finds an unexpected biggest fan in Dwayne Hoover, a mentally unravelling businessman who starts to take Trout’s work, quite literally, as gospel. Thanks to one of Trout's novels, which is framed as a message from the Creator of the Universe, Dwayne has started to believe he is the only person on Earth with free will.
Breakfast of Champions, peppered with illustrations and author asides, asks us to radically rethink what constitutes truth and how we determine whether we have free will. Critiquing the rampant consumerism, racism, and environmental pollution of American society, and constantly challenging our blind belief in fiction, this screwball story is a dense yet intensely amusing insight into the madness of mankind.
9. Jailbird (1979)
Jailbird is another fictional memoir, this time by Walter F. Starbuck, who has been recently released from minimum-security prison for his role as Watergate’s “least-known co-conspirator.” Perhaps the most explicitly political of Vonnegut’s novels, it explores the unfailingly comedic — and ultimately profoundly dangerous — incompetence of bumbling government officials. Starbuck is an inoffensive drone in the Nixon administration who manages to get caught up in the Watergate scandal, never quite knowing what to make of the often nonsensical course of events.
Here the author’s style departs from science fiction in favor of political realism, sobering up from head-spinning trips through time to instead depict labor movements and leftist struggles that became a frequent focus of his later career. Putting its own spin on a watershed historical moment and the loss of American idealism, Jailbird conjures chaos but ensures its satire is always perfectly on target.
10. Galápagos (1985)
An alternative history of our evolution as a species, Galápagos begins in 1986 when a ragtag group of people becomes shipwrecked on the Galápagos Islands. When a pandemic renders the rest of the global population infertile, they suddenly become the sole progenitors of the human race. But the course of human evolution never did run smooth, and over the next million years or so, homo sapiens develop strange new adaptations like furry pelts and flippers, and eventually become aquatic.
This adventure of genealogy and anthropology is told from the typically bizarre Vonnegutian perspective — narrated by the immortal spirit Leon Trotsky Trout, son of Kilgore Trout, who has been watching over humans for millennia. The ghostly narrator reflects on humanity’s follies and historical relationship to the environment: What have we done to deserve our privileged place on the planet, and how can we justify the damage we have done to our world? Though Trout is looking back on humans from a million years in the future, his questions about survival in the Anthropocene are incredibly relevant to today’s environmental concerns, as we wonder what the future of our species looks like, if it exists at all.
11. Bluebeard (1987)
Narrator Rabo Karabekian is an abstract expressionist painter coerced into telling his life story. He lives in an isolated East Hampton home filled with art, and frequently entertains visitors who come to see his priceless collection. He guards each piece with care, yet he also guards something else — his studio in his potato barn, with no windows and six padlocks to bar out any nosy intruders.
Everyone is desperate to know what secrets may lie inside, but the artist is determined to keep things hidden. As Karabekian reflects on his art, his success, and the meaning of it all, Bluebeard becomes a moving character study of an intensely private man starting to open himself up to the world. Filled with amusing observations on the art world and reflections on personal shortcomings, Bluebeard is at once tremendously melancholic and outrageously funny, a meditation on how we take stock of our lives and what traces of ourselves we leave behind for future generations.
12. A Man Without a Country (2005)
In the final work before his death, Vonnegut parcels out a massive last serving of wit and wisdom through a series of essays. A Man Without a Country, perhaps the nearest he gets to writing his autobiography, brings us closer to the author than ever before. He gives us a mini-memoir in each entry, going on rapturous rambles about his personal life, his writing, the practice of art, and the state of the nation.
The essays are suffused with a strain of apocalypticism as he observes how humans constantly war for power, pursue profit, and destroy the environment, leading earth to spin toward potential destruction. Yet this cynical paranoia is matched, as always, with whimsical enthusiasm, summing up the strange trip of life in all its ugliness and beauty, all its horrors and splendors. His parting gift to the world is a testament to how messed-up we all are, but how laughable and loveable we remain nonetheless.
With so much autobiographical detail and metafictional interactions with the reader, Kurt Vonnegut’s works often make us feel like we know the author personally. Reading one of his books feels like sitting down to listen to a wisecracking old friend tell another one of his tall tales, never knowing where the marvellously madcap adventure will go next.
In his five decade-writing career, Vonnegut made sense of a sea of chaos, serving as the definitive voice on the comedic foibles of mankind in the face of war, political upheaval, or existential uncertainty. We might not ever know what it all means, but with him we can definitely enjoy the ride. As Vonnegut once said in a commencement speech: “I urge you to please notice when you are happy, and exclaim or murmur or think at some point, ‘If this isn’t nice, I don’t know what is.’” With so much wit in every word, his works are bound to prompt many such exclamations for readers — if these books aren’t nice, I don’t know what is.
Hungry for more humor and social satire? Check out the best Mark Twain books for a guide to another of America’s wisest and wittiest writers.